Identify and Define the reasons why governments at all levels promote and support business activity and the means by which they do so.

Feb 15, 2024

Identify and Define the reasons why governments at all levels promote and support business activity and the means by which they do so.

Chapter 11Please Identify and Define…the reasons why governments at all levels promote and support business activity and the means by which they do so. regulation and its basic purposes as applied to business activity. market failure in its six forms. the political rationales for regulation and the difference between economic regulation and social regulation. federal, state, and local organization for regulation and the unique place of the independent regulatory commissions in the federal and state executive branches. the procedures for rule making by public agencies and the major institutions that participate in this process. the means by which regulations are enforced and the challenges in detecting and correcting illegal actions. the political influences on both rule making and enforcement. the deregulation movement of the past four decades and its outcomes. the concept of government failure in regulation. Chapter 12Please Identify and Define…the various roles that governments play toward individuals and publics. the constitutional rights and liberties that are at stake in administrative operations and the major issues they involve. the costs entailed in protecting citizen rights and liberties. the means by which governments communicate with citizens and the major purposes of the various messages they send. the current status and uses of “digital government” and its likely prospects. how international publics are affected, for better or worse, by American policies. how public services can be rationed and subject to biases, whether intentional or unintentional. Chapter 13Please Identify and Define…implementation and evaluation, as applied to public policies. outputs, outcomes, and impacts of policy implementation. the reasons why implementation became a significant political issue requiring administrators’ attention. the five basic requirements for successful implementation of policy. impediments to effective implementation of policy, including authority leakage. the alternative approaches and means of evaluating the results of policy implementation. the seven criteria used to evaluate policy results, with examples of each. the purposes and means of performance evaluation, including the Government Performance and Results Acts of 1993 and 2010 and the process of benchmarking. the political challenges to implementation and evaluation. Please Identify and Define…accountability in government, the reasons why it is necessary, and the challenges in maintaining it. the specific formal means of accountability within the executive branch of government. the specific formal means by which executive agencies are held accountable by external organizations. the specific external/informal sources of accountability and their usefulness. the internal/informal means and their potential to hold government agencies accountable. freedom of information and open government laws. the realms of public ethical standards and the challenges of applying them to official conduct. the challenges in identifying and preventing conflicts of interest. Chapter 14Please Identify and Define…accountability in government, the reasons why it is necessary, and the challenges in maintaining it. the specific formal means of accountability within the executive branch of government. the specific formal means by which executive agencies are held accountable by external organizations. the specific external/informal sources of accountability and their usefulness. the internal/informal means and their potential to hold government agencies accountable. freedom of information and open government laws. the realms of public ethical standards and the challenges of applying them to official conduct. the challenges in identifying and preventing conflicts of interest.

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