Implement technology/infrastructure to protect ballot counting machines and electronic voting machines from cyber influence or attacks.

Feb 15, 2024

Implement technology/infrastructure to protect ballot counting machines and electronic voting machines from cyber influence or attacks.

Prospectus: Voting Laws and Voter Participation
Taylor Durham
Troy University
Dr. Anderson
March 27th, 2021

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction…………………………………………………………………………………………3
Problem Statement…………………………………………………………….…………………..4
Policy Analysis………………………………………………………………………..…………..5
Alternative Approaches…………………………………………………………………..……….5
Alternative 1………………………………………………………………………….…….5
Alternative 2……………………………………………………………………….……….5
Alternative 3……………………………………………………………………………….5
Approach Criteria………………………………………………………………………….………5
Criteria 1…………………………………………………………………………………..5
Criteria 2…………………………………………………………………………………..5
Criteria 3…………………………………………………………………………………..5
Methods of Measurement…………………………………………………………………………6
Relevant Data…………………………………………………………………………..………….7
Conclusion/Findings……………………………………………………………………..………..8
Bibliography………………………………………………………………………………………9

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INTRODUCTION
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PROBLEM STATEMENT
Local and state governments are responsible for ensuring public participation in voting as well as fair and legal voting processes. During the 2020 election, there were several concerns regarding voter registration laws, electronic ballot counting, and mail-in ballots. States across the country implemented separate voting laws into place with differing procedures and voting options that caused public scrutiny, distrust, and loss in participation all together.
Without the confidence in their voting rights and safety, the public will continue to distrust the democratic process and voter participation will decline. If local and state governments continue to carve out election laws based specifically on their political standpoint as a state overall (red or blue) depending on presidential candidates or any candidate running for an office, there will continue a divide among the country and create more distrust and scrutiny from the public/voters.
If voting laws, regulations, and available voting methods were established across the country, in every state, uniformly, there could be an increase in public trust and participation regarding our democracy and the voter process.

POLICY ANALYSIS
The intended method of analysis will be a policy analysis of alternative voting laws and procedures to be implemented regarding higher voter turnout and gain of trust in the voting process.
Alternative Approaches
Alternative 1:
Ban all absentee and mail-in ballots for everyone except overseas military, current (at time of election) hospitalized/health facility confined, disabled, and all overseas U.S. Citizens.
Alternative 2:
Implement extensive election education and training for anyone involved with the election process i.e., election officials/administration/workforce.
Alternative 3:
Implement technology/infrastructure to protect ballot counting machines and electronic voting machines from cyber influence or attacks.
Approach Criteria
Criteria 1:
Overall effectiveness of alternatives in terms of positive impact
Criteria 2:
Efficiency in implementing alternatives into the voter process
Criteria 3:
Overall cost of alternative in terms of feasibility

Method of Measurement
Alternative 1:
A method to measure various outcomes for banning absentee/mail-in ballots except for overseas military, current hospitalized/health facility confined, disabled, and overseas U.S. citizens is to implement this alternative in a smaller/localized election to determine effectiveness, efficiency, and feasibility.
Alternative 2:
A method to measure various outcomes of election education and training is to implement a trial-run/small training course for all election officials before a localized/ state official election to determine effectiveness, efficiency, and feasibility.
Alternative 3:
A method to measure various outcomes of technology/infrastructure on ballot counting/voter machines is to test known and possible threats on said machines and find weaknesses within the machines that can be updated, or new technology inserted onto machines to lessen the possibility of interference in the future. This will determine the effectiveness, efficiency, and feasibility on these technological updates/preventative measures.

RELEVANT DATA
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CONCLUSION/FINDINGS
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BIBLIOGRAPHY
Kramer, B. (2022, January 17). Election Issues to Watch in 2022. MultiState. Retrieved March 24, 2022, from https://www.multistate.us/insider/2022/1/17/election-issues-to-watch-in-2022
Kramer provides insight into potential election issues to come in 2022 and the future such as voting laws and redistricting. Kramer provides a background on election laws in the 2020 election as well as why the issue is currently trending, the current political landscape, and the outlook for 2022 regarding voting laws. Kramer also provided a background, current trends, and current political landscape for redistricting and the potential outcomes these issues could have on the election process in the future.
Protect Electoral Integrity and Enhance Voter Participation. National Academy of Public Administration. (n.d.). Retrieved March 24, 2022, from https://napawash.org/grand-challenges/protect-electoral-integrity-and-enhance-voter-participation
The National Academy of Public Administration provides information on relevant issues concerning voter participation and the integrity of the election process. Some issues include foreign intervention an gerrymandering.
Waldman, M., Efrati, M., & Wilder, W. (2022, March 22). Voting laws Roundup: February 2022. Brennan Center for Justice. Retrieved March 24, 2022, from https://www.brennancenter.org/our-work/research-reports/voting-laws-roundup-february-2022
Waldman et. al. discusses new voter legislation put into place as of January 2022 that is intended to have an impact on upcoming election processes. The legislation discussed includes restrictive and expansive legislation by legislators in several states across the country.
Zoch, A. (2022, March 15). Voting Outside the Polling Place: Absentee, All-Mail and other Voting at Home Options. National Conference of State Legislatures . Retrieved March 24, 2022, from https://www.ncsl.org/research/elections-and-campaigns/absentee-and-early-voting.aspx
Zoch provides data on different types of absentee voting, all-mail voting, etc. as well as the absentee/mail-in ballot acquisition process. No-Excuse absentee voting is discussed as well as All-Mail voting options and provides details into what these options entail.

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