What evidence is there that using the permaculture framework as a recovery tool may be beneficial for mental health recovery?

Feb 15, 2024

What evidence is there that using the permaculture framework as a recovery tool may be beneficial for mental health recovery?

Literature Review Draft
According to Callahan, (2014) the synthesis and the critical evaluation of the research literature improves evidence-based decision-making. It identifies valid evidence, by looking at bias and knowledge discrepancies. A Reliable literature review should: add to the body of knowledge; be clear on the method of the collection; present a substantial argument; present a concise synthesis of data; deliver critical reflection and analysis; acknowledge any bias; expand or create new theory; improve practice and accentuate areas for further research.
For the purpose of identifying main topics and possibly conceiving additional topics, mind mapping was employed (Rowley & Slack, 2004).

Literature Review Questions:
⦁ What evidence is there that using the permaculture framework as a recovery tool may be beneficial for mental health recovery?
⦁ What has been the effect of the existing closely related to permaculture eco-therapeutic interventions used in mental health recovery?
⦁ How does permaculture correlate to mental health recovery; what are the linking themes?
⦁ What innovation can permaculture bring to enhance and accompany existing eco-therapeutic modalities?
⦁ How can the barriers to implementing permaculture-based eco-therapeutic programmes in mental health recovery services be addressed?
According to Hart (1998), it is very beneficial for a research project to review existing subject matter evidence before commencing the research. The literature review will analyse a comprehensive, demonstrative sample of the appropriate qualitative and quantitative literature over the past twenty-five years. The literature’s main themes will help systematically evaluate the quality of the literature, which then may provide a guiding framework for subsequent research (Sipe & Stallings, 1996).
Keywords following the mind map themes included: wellbeing, well-being, psychological wellbeing, biopsychological wellbeing, nature therapy, psychosocial nature therapy, climate therapy, wilderness therapy, outdoor therapy, nature therapy, gardening therapy, mental health recovery, resilience, identity loss, permaculture, recovery.
A variety of search engines was employed to search for relevant literature including MEDLINE; CINHAL; SCOPUS; Wiley InterScience; PubMed; Google Scholar. Additionally, searches extended to relevant materials in books, especially regarding permaculture, which is relatively new, and scarcely used in therapeutic context thus far.
The PICOS tool has been utilized to generate inclusion and exclusion criteria. The original PICO tool, which focuses on Population, Intervention, Comparison has been modified to accommodate for inclusion of qualitative research and specific qualitative designs by forming the PICOS tool, where “S” refers to the study design ( Methley et al., 2014).
Due to very limited already existing literature, which focuses specifically on permaculture as a framework for creating therapeutic space, the literature review extends to closely related therapy modalities within the eco-therapeutic umbrella of interventions. Considering this limitation, the literature review will be guided by the following criteria.
Inclusion criteria acknowledged those studies:
⦁ Investigating the influence of eco-therapies on participants’ wellbeing.
⦁ Revealing the concept of mental health recovery and social inclusion from the perspective of people affected by mental illness.
⦁ Including the views of the various mental health system stakeholders in regard to the effectiveness of the eco-therapies on mental health recovery.
⦁ Offering findings and outcomes reinforced by other valid, evidence-based literature.
⦁ Comprising of qualitative or quantitative data from studies concerning more than five participants.
⦁ Employing mixed methodology and examined through several lenses.
Exclusion criteria acknowledged those studies:
⦁ Converging only on clinical outcomes
⦁ Having been completed over twenty-five years ago.
⦁ Compromising of research duration of fewer than three months.
⦁ Having fewer than five participants.

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Callahan, J, (2014). Writing literature reviews: A reprise and update. Drexel University, Philadelphia
Hart, C. (2014). Doing a literature review: Releasing the social science research imagination. Sage Publications, London.
Methley, A. M., Campbell, S., Chew-Graham, C., McNally, R., & Cheraghi-Sohi, S. (2014). PICO, PICOS and SPIDER: a comparison study of specificity and sensitivity in three search tools for qualitative systematic reviews. BMC health services research, 14(1), 1-10.
Rowley, J. and Slack, F., 2004. Conducting a literature review. Management Research News, 27(6), pp.31-39.
Sipe, T. A., & Stallings, W. M. (1996). Cooper’s Taxonomy of Literature Reviews Applied to Meta-Analyses in Educational Achievement.

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